international atomic energy agency

U.S. diplomatic cables reveal nuclear proliferation fears

The WikiLeaks cables have revealed that the United States has consistently rebuffed private appeals from the leaders of Arab states and Israel on the need for military action against Iran over its nuclear program, as successive administrations worked on a package of global economic sanctions.

The initial leak of 240 U.S. diplomatic cables from a total 251,000 provided to five newspapers in the UK, US, Germany, France and Spain contained the following information related to nuclear non-proliferation issues:

Iran

Getting to Zero Update

The Obama Administration was hoping for the U.S. Senate to ratify the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) now that the U.S. mid-term elections are over. If the treaty is not brought to the floor before the end of the year, then prospects for the treaty dim in a Senate where more members will be reluctant to hand the President a foreign policy achievement, and votes in favor of the treaty will be more difficult to muster.

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Getting to Zero Update

The debate over Trident was heating up with questions about how the United Kingdom will cover costs during a time of tightening defense budgets. In the United States, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee sent the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty to the full Senate, but doubts remained as to whether the Senate would approve the treaty before the end of the year. Thirty-six members of the European Leaders Network called on NATO to increase its role in nuclear arms control just as the Alliance was circulating a draft of its new Strategic Concept, which was last revised in 1999.

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Nuclear Security after the Washington Summit

The Washington summit on nuclear security delivered some positive outcomes. But it is imperative that states do not now become complacent; there is much still left to do to ensure that nuclear weapons and material do not fall into the wrong hands. The ultimate gauge of the summit’s success will be whether actions now follow words. Published originally in the RUSI Journal, June/July 2010, Vol. 155, No. 3.

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Arabs seek to challenge Israel’s nuclear program at energy summit

“The Israelis and the Americans point to the fact that the Iranians have made a very public commitment to the Non-Proliferation Treaty – not to acquire nuclear weapons – whereas Israel is legally able to develop its arsenal.”..... “But the legal defense and the defense that Israel developed its weapons a while ago is hardly a defense in terms of justice"

Iran Update: Number 145

New players in the dispute over Iran’s nuclear program: Brazilian, Turkish, and Iranian objectives

The reasons for the impasse over Iran's nuclear program go beyond current debates on nuclear non-proliferation, sanctions, and threats of military action. This paper reviews the causes of the impasse from a broader perspective and also surveys the motives of Brazil and Turkey to engage in the diplomacy surrounding Iran's nuclear program.

Iran Says It Has Triple Amount of Enriched Uranium Found by UN in April

“It’s a game of threat from the Security Council and then a game of response by Iran, and they’re playing chicken with each other.”

BASIC Executive Director Paul Ingram quoted in Bloomberg News. Read more:

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-06-23/iran-says-it-has-triple-amount-of-enriched-uranium-found-by-un-in-april.html

Iran Update: Number 144

  • Talks over Iran's nuclear enrichment could resume in the fall
  • More sanctions levied on Iran; Tehran vows to continue enriching uranium
  • Utility and impacts of sanctions questioned
  • Tehran pushes uranium enrichment progress; United States and Russia warn Iran closer to weapons capability
  • G8 and D8 summits
  • Case of Iranian nuclear scientist adds more controversy to Iran-U.S. relations; Canadian convicted of trying to export dual-use technology to Iran

     

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Getting to Zero Update

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review conference concluded at the end of May on a positive note. However, the months ahead look uncertain. Diplomatic relations over the North Korean and Iranian programs continue to deteriorate, and there still lacks a firm indication on whether the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) will be ratified by the end of the year. 

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