Non-proliferation and Disarmament in the Middle East


Working with partners across the Middle East, BASIC has been developing a draft treaty on a WMD Free Zone in the Middle East, that forms the basis of a process of constructive international dialogue. This includes a series of workshops held throughout Europe and the Middle East, an invitation to experts to explore the means to improve engagement, and to establish an institution that will bring together analysts and practitioners to discuss issues of implementation and verification.

The Middle East has been torn apart by conflicts rooted in disputes that go back many centuries. The kaleidoscope of ideology, religion, identity, strategic competition and shifting alliances means that it is all the more important to ensure that nuclear weapons are not added to the mix. The idea of a WMD Free Zone across the region has the support in principle of all states, but translating that into action has proved illusive. One of the principal challenges has been the choreography in relation to regional security, and another the choice to pursue this goal in the context of the NPT, to which a key state in the region, Israel, is not a member. Yet the tendency to deal with nuclear proliferation on a case-by-case basis, with a focus particularly on Iran, misses the unavoidable truth that the only sustainable way to prevent proliferation is to address strategic security at the regional level, and to agree a WMD Free Zone without exception or favour.

Work on establishing the zone was a key condition for the indefinite extension of the NPT in 1995, but little was achieved until the 2010 NPT Review Conference agreed to hold a conference on the issue in 2012. This deadline has come and gone with little progress on the issue, but there remains hope that such a conference can be convened in the near future, and progress made towards a zone. Working with people in the region, from Israel, Iran, Egypt and other Arab states, BASIC hopes that its contributions to a draft treaty will shift the framing from one of complaint and frustration to one of positive possibility and progress.




Recent content about Non-proliferation and Disarmament in the Middle East

Europe and the Iran Deal: Between a rock and a hard place

After more than a year of uncertainty, President Trump announced that the United States would reimpose sanctions against Iran in violation of the JCPoA (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action), more commonly known as the Iran Deal. This leaves the multilateral agreement the US signed with China, France, Germany, Iran, Russia, the UK and the EU in 2015 to prevent Iranian nuclear proliferation in limbo. Now Washington finds itself at loggerheads with its European allies.

A belt of nuclear weapons free zones from Mongolia to Africa!

The 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) of April and May failed to produce a final document. The reason was that the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada did not accept a deadline for a conference on a “Nuclear Weapons Free Zone” (NWFZ) in the Middle East that should also include other weapons of mass destruction.